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特朗普计划承认耶路撒冷是以色列首都
Donald Trump plans to recognise Jerusalem as Israeli capital

来源:FT中文网    2017-12-06 11:53



        Donald Trump plans to recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and will announce plans to move the US embassy there from Tel Aviv, according to senior administration officials, defying fears among counterparts in the Middle East and elsewhere that such a move would threaten efforts to broker peace.        据美国政府高级官员称,唐纳德•特朗普(Donald Trump)打算承认耶路撒冷为以色列首都,并将宣布把美国驻以色列大使馆从特拉维夫迁往耶路撒冷的计划。特朗普此举不顾中东和世界其他地方担忧此举可能威胁各方协商促成和平的努力。
        The president is expected to make the announcement on Wednesday in the face of warnings from the Palestinian and Jordanian leaders, among others, that a decision to move the embassy would have dangerous consequences.        美国总统预计将在周三宣布此事,即使巴勒斯坦和约旦等国的领导人警告称,美国将大使馆迁至耶路撒冷的决定将带来危险的后果。
        The senior administration officials said the president viewed the move as recognition of a reality that the city was the seat of the Israeli government. Moving the US embassy is a project that will take years, the officials added, saying that it would be part of the state department’s task to find a site.        美国政府高级官员说,总统认为此举是对耶路撒冷是以色列政府所在地这一现状的承认。这些官员补充称,迁移美国大使馆需要花费数年时间,找到新址将是美国国务院任务之一。
        “While President Trump recognises the status of Jerusalem is a highly sensitive issue, he does not think it will be resolved by ignoring the simple truth that Jerusalem is home to Israel’s legislature, its Supreme Court, the prime minister, and as such is the capital of Israel,” said one official.        一名官员表示:“尽管特朗普总统认识到耶路撒冷的地位是一个高度敏感的问题,他不认为无视简单的事实能够解决这个问题,即耶路撒冷是以色列的立法机构、最高法院、总理府的所在地,像这样的地方就是以色列的首都。”
        The status of the divided city is hugely delicate and its fate is one of the thorniest issues of the Israeli-Palestinian peace process. Israel regards Jerusalem as its undivided capital and claims sovereignty over the whole city. But the international community views East Jerusalem as occupied land and the Palestinians consider it their future capital.        这个分裂的城市的地位极为微妙,耶路撒冷的命运是伊斯兰-巴勒斯坦和平进程中最棘手的问题之一。伊斯兰认为耶路撒冷是其不可分割的首都,并宣称对整个耶路撒冷市拥有主权。但国际社会认为东耶路撒冷是一块被占领的土地。巴勒斯坦人则认为东耶路撒冷是他们未来的首都。
        Mr Trump has previously vowed to transfer the embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, although in June he issued a waiver to a congressional requirement to move it. In 1995 Congress mandated that the embassy be in Jerusalem, but successive US presidents have signed repeated six-month waivers postponing the move for national security reasons.        特朗普此前曾誓言将美国大使馆从特拉维夫迁往耶路撒冷,不过今年6月,他就美国国会的搬迁要求签署了一项豁免令。1995年,美国国会要求美国大使馆应设在耶路撒冷,但美国历届总统一直出于国家安全理由每6个月签署豁免令,推迟搬迁。
        The president is not expected to set out a timetable for the move on Wednesday, and he is still expected to sign a waiver delaying it. No nation has an embassy in Jerusalem, and the prospect of the president recognising it as the capital has provoked an angry reaction from Arab and Muslim leaders. The international community’s position has long been that Jerusalem’s status should be determined by peace talks.        预计特朗普将于周三为使馆搬迁列出时间表,预计他仍会签署豁免令推迟搬迁。目前还没有一个国家在耶路撒冷设立大使馆,特朗普承认耶路撒冷为以色列首都的前景引发了阿拉伯和穆斯林领导人的愤怒回应。长期以来,国际社会的立场一直是耶路撒冷的地位应由和平谈判决定。
        Mr Trump informed the Palestinian and Jordanian leaders on Tuesday of his plans to move the US mission. Rival Palestinian factions — Mahmoud Abbas’s Fatah party and the Islamist Hamas group — have called for protests if Mr Trump recognises Jerusalem as the Israeli capital. Hamas, which controls Gaza, said on its website that Ismail Haniyeh, the militant group’s leader, agreed with President Abbas that Palestinians should “mobilise” and express their rage on Wednesday.        特朗普周二告知巴勒斯坦和约旦领导人他准备搬迁美国大使馆的计划。巴勒斯坦相互敌对的派别——马哈茂德•阿巴斯(Mahmoud Abbas)领导的法塔赫(Fatah)政党和伊斯兰组织哈马斯(Hamas)——呼吁对特朗普承认耶路撒冷为以色列首都的做法提出抗议。控制加沙地带的哈马斯在其网站上表示,这个好战的组织的领导人伊斯梅尔•哈尼亚(Ismail Haniyeh)与巴勒斯坦总统阿巴斯(Abbas)已达成一致,巴勒斯坦人应在周三“动员起来”表达他们的愤怒之情。
                
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