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2018年中国钢铁产量增速将大幅放缓
Chinese steel production to slow sharply in 2018

来源:FT中文网    2018-01-09 13:26



        China’s steel production growth is expected to slow sharply in 2018 as state-mandated factory closures and policies to protect the environment begin to bite.        预计2018年中国钢铁产量增速将会大幅放缓,原因是政府强制关闭工厂和环保政策开始产生影响。
        The world’s largest producer of the metal will experience just a small rise in output of 0.6 per cent this year, a poll of 15 analysts found in a Financial Times survey.        英国《金融时报》对15名分析师进行的调查显示,作为世界最大的钢铁生产国,中国今年的钢铁产量将仅小幅上升0.6%。
        Steel is often viewed as a barometer of economic activity because it is used in carmaking, construction and manufacturing, which means a significant price move could have repercussions for the broader economy.        钢铁常被视为经济活动的晴雨表,因为钢铁被用于汽车制造、建筑和制造业,这意味着钢铁的重大价格变动可能会对整体经济产生影响。
        For the steelmakers, the Chinese slowdown could have positive effects.        对于钢铁制造商来说,中国钢铁生产放缓可能带来积极的影响。
        A modest increase in production from China, which accounts for about half the 1.7bn tonnes churned out worldwide, could restore balance to a global market that was ravaged by a collapse in prices two years ago due to oversupply.        中国占全球17亿吨的钢铁产量的一半左右,中国钢铁产量仅小幅上升有利于全球市场恢复平衡。两年前,供应过剩导致的价格暴跌重创了国际钢铁市场。
        The anticipated slowdown comes despite a robust outlook for the Chinese economy and contrasts with a 5.7 per cent jump in its crude steel output during the first 11 months of 2017, according to World Steel Association figures.        虽然中国经济前景被看好,分析师依然做出了上述的放缓预测。与此形成对比的是,世界钢铁协会(World Steel Association)的数据显示,2017年头11个月中国粗钢产量大幅上升5.7%。
        Even so, global annual production in 2018 is slated to increase 2.1 per cent, according to an average of the analysts’ forecasts.        根据分析师预测的平均值,预计2018年全球钢铁产量将增长2.1%。
        World output increased 5.4 per cent between January and November 2017, compared with the same period a year before.        2017年1月至11月期间,世界钢铁产量同比增长5.4%。
        Rod Beddows of HCF International Advisors said: “The total market appears to be reverting to a more stable ‘normal’ with Chinese exports under control.”        HCF International Advisors的罗德•贝多斯(Rod Beddows)说:“总体市场似乎正恢复到更稳定的‘常态’,中国的出口受到控制。”
        Donald Trump’s pledge to renew US infrastructure, coupled with the impact of import restrictions against steel deemed unfairly traded, were cited as factors behind the average forecast of a 3.4 per cent jump in the country’s steel production in 2018.        对2018年美国钢铁产量增速的平均预测值为3.4%,原因包括唐纳德•特朗普(Donald Trump)关于更新美国基础设施的承诺,以及美国政府对其认为存在不公平贸易的钢铁的进口限制。
        Alistair Ramsay of the publication Metal Bulletin said that US producers had been winning customers back from external suppliers, partly due to a weak dollar.        英国《金属导报》(Metal Bulletin)的阿利斯泰尔•拉姆齐(Alistair Ramsay)表示,美国生产商不断从外国供应商那里抢回客户,美元疲软是部分原因。
                
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