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婚姻可能有益于你的心脏健康
Marriage May Be Good for Your Heart

来源:纽约时报    2018-07-03 05:07



        Being married may reduce the risk of heart disease and cardiovascular death, a review of studies has found.        一项对以往研究的汇总表明,结婚可能会降低患心脏病和因心血管疾病死亡的风险。
        Researchers pooled data on more than two million participants in 34 studies carried out in the United States, Britain, Japan, Russia, Sweden, Spain, Greece and eight other countries.        研究人员汇总了在美国、英国、日本、俄罗斯、瑞典、西班牙、希腊和其他八个国家开展的34项研究中通过200多万参与者获取的数据。
        They found that compared with married people, those who were unmarried — whether never married, widowed or divorced — were 42 percent more likely to have some form of cardiovascular disease and 16 percent more likely to have coronary heart disease. The unmarried also had a 43 percent increased likelihood of coronary heart disease death and a 55 percent increased risk for death from stroke. Stroke risk was increased for the unmarried and divorced, but not for the widowed.        他们发现,与已婚人士相比,单身人士——无论是从未结婚、丧偶还是离婚——患某种心血管疾病的可能性要高出42%,患冠心病的可能性则高出16%。单身人士死于冠心病的可能性也比已婚人士高43%,死于中风的风险则高出55%。中风风险只在从未结婚和离婚人士中出现升高,丧偶人群不存在这个问题。
        The authors acknowledge that the study, published in Heart, has several weaknesses. While most analyses adjusted for multiple variables, these varied across studies, and some factors were not accounted for, including financial stability, medication adherence and social support.        作者承认,这篇发表于《心》期刊(Heart)的研究有几个缺点。虽然大多数分析针对多个变量进行了调整,但这些在不同研究中存在差异,并且一些因素没有被考虑进去,比如财务稳定、药物依从性和社会支持。
        “The extent of family support is challenging to determine,” said a co-author of the study, Dr. Chun Shing Kwok, a cardiologist at Keele University in England, “even if you capture the effect of cohabitation.”        “家庭支持的程度很难确定,”该研究的作者之一、英国基尔大学(Keele University)的心脏病学家郭纯成(Chun Shing Kwok,音)博士说,“即便你能捕捉到同居的效应。
        Is marriage more advantageous for men or for women? Dr. Kwok’s response was cautious. “Our findings suggest both men and women benefit from marriage,” he said.        婚姻更利于男人还是女人?郭纯成的回应非常谨慎。“我们的研究结果表明,男性和女性都可以从婚姻中受益,”他说。
                
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