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来源:中国日报    2018-08-05 09:00

        Are you a Type D personality? Test reveals how the little-known character type is so good at bottling up emotions that even they don't realize they're lonely and anxious.        你有D型人格特征吗?有测试表明,拥有这种鲜为人知的性格的人非常善于隐藏情感,甚至他们自己都没有意识到自己很孤单、很焦虑。
        Are you often irritable?        你经常烦躁吗?
        Do you tend to hide your feelings from others?        你倾向于隐藏自己的感情吗?
        Do you often feel gloomy and down in the dumps?        你是否经常闷闷不乐、心情不好?
        If the answer is "yes", then maybe you are a Type D personality.        如果答案是“是”,那么也许你是D型人格的人。
        Type D personalities usually have a low self-esteem and a great fear of disapproval and this is the primary reason that prevents them from opening up to others.        D型人格的人通常自尊心不足,害怕被反对。这也是他们不想向其他人敞开心扉的主要原因。
        Thus assuming that type D personalities lack social interest is not correct but the right thing is that they might be interested in people but afraid to approach them because they fear rejection.        因此,D型人格的人并不是缺乏社交兴趣,而是可能对别人感兴趣,但又害怕接近别人,因为他们害怕被拒绝。
        Negative emotions such as worrying, stress, depression and anger visit type D personalities more often. A small event that is usually overlooked by others can bother a type D a lot and even ruin his mood.        担忧、紧张、抑郁和愤怒等负面情绪更常在D型人格的人身上体现。一件常常被他人忽视的小事就可能让D型人格的人烦恼,甚至会破坏他的心情。
        The term was first devised by psychologist Johan Denollet from Tilburg University who created a quiz to identify a type D personality.        “D型人格”最先由荷兰蒂尔堡大学的心理学家Johan Denollet提出。他还设计了一个测试,帮助人们认识自己是否具有D型人格特征。
        Quiz        Below are a number of statements that people often use to describe themselves.
        Choose the number next to each statement that best reflects your feelings.        每个句子后面有5个数字,选择最能反映你的感受的数字。
        There are no right or wrong answers, just be honest with yourself.        这项测试的答案没有对错,只要对自己诚实即可。
        0 = false        0 =不是
        1 = somewhat false        1 =不全是
        2 = neutral        2 =中立
        3 = somewhat true        3 =有时是
        4 = true        4 =是
        1) I make contact easily when I meet people 0 1 2 3 4        遇到别人我能很轻松地和他/她交谈
        2) I often talk to strangers 0 1 2 3 4        我经常和陌生人说话
        3) I am often irritated 0 1 2 3 4        我经常生气
        4) I often feel inhibited in social interactions 0 1 2 3 4        社交中我经常压抑自己
        5) I take a gloomy view of things 0 1 2 3 4        我对事物持悲观态度
        6) I find it hard to start a conversation 0 1 2 3 4        我发现自己很难开启一段对话
        7) I am often in a bad mood 0 1 2 3 4        我经常心情不好
        8) I am a closed kind of person 0 1 2 3 4        我是一个封闭的人
        9) I would rather keep people at a distance 0 1 2 3 4        我更愿意和别人保持距离
        10) I often make a fuss about unimportant things 0 1 2 3 4        我经常在不重要的事上花费很多精力
        11) I often feel unhappy 0 1 2 3 4        我经常觉得不开心
        12) I often find myself worrying about something 0 1 2 3 4        我发现自己经常担心一些事情
        13) I am often down in the dumps 0 1 2 3 4        我经常心情沮丧
        14) When socializing, I don't find the right things to talk about 0 1 2 3 4        社交时我找不到合适的话题
        Add your scores for questions one to nine to see how you score on the Negative Affectivity scale        将第1题到第9题的分数相加,计算自己在“消极情感”维度的得分。
        On questions 10 and 11, if you circled 0, enter 4; if 1, enter 3; if 2, enter 2; if 3, enter 1; if 4, enter 0.        第10、11题,选0得4分,选1得3分,选2得2分,选3得1分,选4得0分。
        Add your scores for 10 to 14 to find out how you score on the Social Inhibition scale.        将第10题到14题的分数相加,计算自己在“社交抑制”维度的得分。
        You qualify as a type D personality if you scored 10 or higher on both Negative Affectivity and Social Inhibition scales.        如果在“消极情感”和“社交抑制”两个维度得分均为10分或10分以上,那么你就是一个有D型人格特征的人。
        The first thing you must understand about personality types is that they have nothing to do with genes. This means that if you have a Type D personality then this doesn't mean that you can't change it. Also, the quiz doesn't mean that the result of the quiz determines your destiny. According to psychology, any personality trait can be changed.        首先必须了解的一件事是,人格类型与基因无关。这意味着D型人格特征并不是无法改变的。另外,测验也并不意味着测验的结果会决定你的命运。心理学研究表明,任何人格特征都可以改变。
        Learn to control your emotions, control your thoughts, get over fear of rejection and learn to open up.        学会控制自己的情绪,控制自己的想法,克服对被拒绝的恐惧,学会向别人敞开心扉。
        Type A and Type B personality theory describes Type A individuals as outgoing, ambitious, rigidly organized, highly status-conscious, sensitive, impatient, anxious, proactive, and concerned with time management.        A型与B型人格理论指出,A型人格的人外向、野心勃勃、严谨、地位意识强、敏感、不耐烦、焦虑、积极主动和注重时间管理。
        People with Type A personalities are often high-achieving "workaholics". They push themselves with deadlines, and hate both delays and ambivalence. People with Type A personalities experience more job-related stress and less job satisfaction.        有A型人格特征的人往往是高成就的“工作狂”。他们用最后期限激励自己,讨厌延迟和矛盾心理。A型人格的人工作压力更大,工作满意度更低。
        The theory describes Type B individuals as a contrast to those of Type A. Type B personality, by definition, are noted to live at lower stress levels. They typically work steadily, and may enjoy achievement, although they have a greater tendency to disregard physical or mental stress when they do not achieve.        同样,A型与B型人格理论指出,B型人与A型人截然相反。根据定义,B型人格的人生活压力较小。尽管他们在没有实现自己的目标时更容易忽视身体或精神上的压力,但通常可以稳定工作,享受成功。
        When faced with competition, they may focus less on winning or losing than their Type A counterparts, and more on enjoying the game regardless of winning or losing.        面对竞争时,与A型人格的对手相比,B型人格的人可能不怎么关注输赢,而是尽情享受比赛。
        To be brief, people with type C personalities are perfectionists, consistent and will never break the rules. Unlike their "sister" type A; type C personalities tend to take their time with the details and often check and recheck their work for accuracy. They tend to be deep thinkers and like to know every detail in regards to their work and life.        简而言之,C型人格的人是完美主义者, 始终如一,永远不会违反规则。 与A型人格的人不同的是,C型人会花时间处理细节,经常反复检查工作是否准确。他们往往是深思熟虑的人,喜欢了解自己工作和生活的每一个细节。
        Last but not least, no matter what kind of personality you are, be positive and stay healthy!        最后,不管你是什么性格的人,积极生活,健康向上!

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