北京将建“不文明游客”黑名单  “上榜”游客或被禁入公园_OK阅读网
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北京将建“不文明游客”黑名单  “上榜”游客或被禁入公园
Parks in Beijing want to blacklist 'uncivilized' visitors

来源:中国日报    2019-04-09 14:33



        Tourism authorities in Beijing said they are considering creating a blacklist of "uncivilized visitors" in order to curb bad behavior by visitors, as the city is inundated with tourists for Tomb Sweeping Festival.        清明节期间,北京游客爆满,该市旅游管理部门表示,正考虑建立一份“不文明游客”黑名单,以遏制游客的不良行为。
        Officials at the Beijing Municipal Administration Center of Parks said that the upsurge in domestic tourists visiting the Chinese capital for the three-day holiday, also known as Qingming Festival, had coincided with "uncivilized tourist behavior," including climbing peach trees, picking flowers, damaging plants, fishing in park lakes, and selling things illegally within the city's parks.        北京市公园管理中心的官员称,清明节三天假期期间到访首都的国内游客数量猛增,一些“不文明旅游行为”也随之发生,包括爬桃树、采花、破坏植物、在公园湖泊钓鱼,以及在公园内非法出售商品等。
        A blacklist would block "loutish travelers" from visiting the city's parks, using facial recognition software and other surveillance technology to monitor guests and keep out those with a record of bad behavior.        被列入黑名单的不文明游客或被禁止游览该市公园,公园将使用人脸识别软件和其他监控技术监督游客,限制有不良行为记录的游客前来游览。
        In 2017, Beijing's Temple of Heaven Park installed face scanners in its toilets to prevent what officials said was an epidemic of toilet paper theft. Those needing paper had to make eye contact with a machine before it spit out a single portion -- anyone needing more than the provided amount would need to wait 9 minutes.        2017年,天坛公园在厕所安装了人脸识别厕纸机,以制止泛滥的厕纸盗窃行为。需要用纸者必须先在机器上进行人脸识别,然后机器才会提供一份厕纸,每次刷脸取纸后需要等待9分钟才能再次取纸。
        Chinese tourists made more than 112 million domestic trips during this year's Tomb Sweeping Festival, a 10.9% increase on last year, according to the Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Beijing alone saw more than 700,000 people visiting some dozen parks around the city.        文化和旅游部的数据显示,今年清明节期间,中国国内旅游总人数超过1.12亿人次,同比增长10.9%。仅北京一地就有70多万人游览了该市周边的十几座公园。
                 今年,一些城市还组织志愿者为游客拍照指路,劝导不文明行为。
        Policing of tourists has been ramping up in recent years. In 2016, the China National Tourism Administration placed 20 people with a history of bad behavior on a blacklist, restricting their ability to travel.        近年来,中国一直在加大力度规范游客的行为。2016年,当时的中国国家旅游局曾将20名有不良行为记录的游客列入旅游黑名单,以限制他们的旅游消费行为。
                 这些旅游不文明行为要避免
                 2016年5月30日,国家旅游局向各地区旅游局下发了修订后的《国家旅游局关于旅游不文明行为记录管理暂行办法》,2015年4月印发的《游客不文明行为记录管理暂行办法》停止实施。新《办法》将“旅游不文明行为记录”从6条增至9条。同时,记录时间从最长的1年至2年,增加到1年至5年。同时,增加了针对旅游从业人员违规的规定,同样列入不文明记录。
                 新《办法》中列出的旅游不文明行为(inappropriate tourism behavior)包括:
                 扰乱公共场所秩序(undermining public order)
                 公共交通工具上行为不当(acting inappropriately on public transport)
                 破坏私人或公共财物(damaging private or public property)
                 违反当地风俗习惯(disrespecting local customs)
                 破坏文物古迹(sabotaging historical exhibits)
                 参与赌博、色情等非法活动(engaging in gambling or illegal sexual activities)
                 破坏生态环境,违反野生动植物保护规定(destroying the environment or violating the protection of wildlife)
                 扰乱旅游场所秩序(disrupting the public order at tourist resorts)
                 同时,新《办法》将从事旅游经营管理与服务的工作人员即“旅游从业人员”(tourism service providers)违规,也纳入了“不文明行为记录”。
        Two of those blacklisted had caused a plane from Bangkok to the Chinese city of Nanjing to return halfway after they got into an argument with flight attendants, while in another case, a passenger tried to prevent a plane taking off by forcing open its emergency exit.        被列入黑名单的人中,包括曾在一架从曼谷飞往南京的航班上与空乘人员发生争执,导致飞机中途返航的两人。在另一起案件中,一名乘客试图通过强行打开飞机应急舱门阻止飞机起飞。
        Last year, the travel blacklist was expanded to include more than 670 people. While some of the offenses which landed people on the list included travel misbehavior such as disrupting flights or smoking on trains, it also includes those who have failed to pay court judgments or taking part in illegal securities trading.        2018年,该旅游黑名单增加到670多人。被列入该名单的理由包括扰乱航班或在火车上吸烟等旅行过程中的不当行为。还有一些人因为拒绝履行法院执行文书或参与非法证券交易而被列为失信被执行人。
        People on the list can be banned from some or all air and train travel for up to 12 months.        被列入旅游黑名单的人一年内禁止搭乘飞机或高铁。
                
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