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中国采取报复措施,提高对美关税
China Retaliates Against the U.S. With Its Own Higher Tariffs

来源:纽约时报    2019-05-14 09:23



        BEIJING — China’s finance ministry announced on Monday evening that it was raising tariffs on a wide range of American goods to 20 percent or 25 percent from 10 percent, in the first Chinese move to retaliate over President Trump’s broader increase in tariffs on Chinese goods last Friday.        北京——中国财政部周一晚宣布,把对一系列美国商品征收的关税税率从10%提高到20%或25%,这是中国对特朗普总统上周五对更大范围的中国商品提高关税采取的首批报复措施。
        But the finance ministry delayed the implementation of its tariff increase until June 1, a delay of nearly three weeks that allows time for negotiators to make one last push for a deal. The delay roughly matches one that the Trump administration in effect put on its own tariff increase.        但中国将上调关税的实施推迟到6月1日,延迟将近三周,给谈判人员留出了为达成协议做出最后努力的时间。这一延迟与特朗普政府执行自己提高关税做法的实际时间大致相符。
        Beijing’s retaliation comes at a time when many in China feel that the United States has behaved highhandedly in threatening tariffs. “Mutual trust and respect are of the essence in handling the negotiations,” said Zhu Ning, a Tsinghua University economics professor.        北京采取报复行动,是在许多中国人认为美国的关税威胁属于专横行为之际做出的。“相互信任和尊重在处理谈判问题上至关重要,”清华大学经济学教授朱宁说。
        President Trump on Friday raised tariffs on $200 billion a year worth of Chinese goods, particularly auto parts, to 25 percent from 10 percent. He had already imposed 25 percent tariffs last summer on another $50 billion a year of Chinese goods, including a wide range of products that his administration views as strategic, from cars to aircraft parts and nuclear reactor components.        特朗普总统上周五上调了关税,把对价值2000亿美元的中国商品,尤其是汽车零部件征收的关税税率从10%提高到了25%。特朗普在去年夏天已经对另外价值500亿美元的中国商品征收了25%的关税,其中包括一系列美国政府认为具有战略意义的产品,从汽车到飞机零部件和核反应堆部件。
        The Trump administration has more tariffs planned. The Office of the United States Trade Representative has said that on Monday, it will issue for public comment at Mr. Trump’s direction a proposal to raise tariffs on “essentially all remaining imports from China, which are valued at approximately $300 billion.”        特朗普政府有征收更多关税的计划。美国贸易代表办公室说,按照特朗普的指示,将在周一向公众征求“对基本上所有尚未征税的、价值约为3000亿美元的中国进口商品”加征关税提案的意见。
        Because China’s entire imports from the United States are considerably less than $200 billion, it has not had the option of matching the United States dollar for dollar. China had matched last September President Trump’s 10 percent tariffs on $200 billion a year in goods with its own tariffs of 5 percent to 10 percent on $60 billion a year in American goods.        由于中国从美国进口的商品总额不到2000亿美元,中国没有对美国等值商品征收关税的选择。特朗普总统去年9月对中国每年出口美国的价值2000亿美元的商品征收10%的关税后,中国的反制措施是对每年600亿美元的美国商品征收5%到10%的关税。
        On Monday, China’s ministry of finance raised those tariffs by introducing four new categories for the $60 billion in goods. The tariffs on those four categories are 25 percent, 20 percent, 10 percent and 5 percent.        财政部税委会周一的公告把对价值600亿美元的商品分为四类征收关税。对这四类产品征收的关税税率分别为25%、20%、10%和5%。
        The finance ministry did not specify the dollar value of goods in each of the four categories. But the largest number of tariff codes in the $60 billion was assigned to the 25 percent category, suggesting that China was raising the tariffs on many imports to that level.        税委会没有具体说明这四类商品中每类的价值总额。但在价值600亿美元的税目商品中,列入征收25%关税的商品条目最多,这表明中国正在将许多进口商品的关税提高到这个水平。
        Neither the American tariffs nor China’s retaliation will go into effect right away. Despite the rising tensions, the Trump administration structured its tariff increase on Friday so that it won’t take effect for a few weeks, giving both sides a bit more room to reach a deal. In a departure from the usual practice of assessing tariffs on goods as they reach American seaports and airports, the Trump administration declared that the increased tariffs on $200 billion a year in goods would be applied only to shipments that left China from Friday onward.        (本文稍后将更新更多内容,敬请关注。)
                
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